Philo Judaeus , also called Philo of Alexandria , (born 15–10 bce , Alexandria—died 45–50 ce , Alexandria), Greek-speaking Jewish philosopher, the most important representative of Hellenistic Judaism . His writings provide the clearest view of this development of Judaism in the Diaspora . As the first to attempt to synthesize revealed faith and philosophic reason, he occupies a unique position in the history of philosophy . He is also regarded by Christians as a forerunner of Christian theology .

Philo was born between 15 and 10 bce . The community of Alexandria, to judge from the language of the Jewish papyri and inscriptions, had for nearly three centuries been almost exclusively Greek-speaking and indeed regarded the Septuagint (the 3rd-century- bce translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek) as divinely inspired. During the century and a half before Philo’s birth, Alexandria had been the home of a number of Jewish writers whose works exist now only in fragments. These men were often influenced by the Greek culture in which they lived and wrote apologies for Judaism.

Like the cultured Greeks of his day, Philo often attended the theatre, though it had distinctly religious connotations , and he noted the different effects of the same music on various members of the audience and the enthusiasm of the audience for a tragedy of Euripides . He was a keen observer of boxing contests and attended chariot races as well. He also mentions the frequency with which he attended costly suppers with their lavish entertainment.

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Philo Judaeus , also called Philo of Alexandria , (born 15–10 bce , Alexandria—died 45–50 ce , Alexandria), Greek-speaking Jewish philosopher, the most important representative of Hellenistic Judaism . His writings provide the clearest view of this development of Judaism in the Diaspora . As the first to attempt to synthesize revealed faith and philosophic reason, he occupies a unique position in the history of philosophy . He is also regarded by Christians as a forerunner of Christian theology .

Philo was born between 15 and 10 bce . The community of Alexandria, to judge from the language of the Jewish papyri and inscriptions, had for nearly three centuries been almost exclusively Greek-speaking and indeed regarded the Septuagint (the 3rd-century- bce translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek) as divinely inspired. During the century and a half before Philo’s birth, Alexandria had been the home of a number of Jewish writers whose works exist now only in fragments. These men were often influenced by the Greek culture in which they lived and wrote apologies for Judaism.

Like the cultured Greeks of his day, Philo often attended the theatre, though it had distinctly religious connotations , and he noted the different effects of the same music on various members of the audience and the enthusiasm of the audience for a tragedy of Euripides . He was a keen observer of boxing contests and attended chariot races as well. He also mentions the frequency with which he attended costly suppers with their lavish entertainment.

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Philo of Alexandria ( / ˈ f aɪ l oʊ / ; Greek : Φίλων , Philōn ; Hebrew : ידידיה הכהן ‎, Yedidia (Jedediah) HaCohen ; c. 20 BCE – c. 50 CE), also called Philo Judaeus , was a Hellenistic Jewish philosopher who lived in Alexandria , in the Roman province of Egypt .

Philo used philosophical allegory to harmonize Jewish scripture, mainly the Torah , with Greek philosophy . His method followed the practices of both Jewish exegesis and Stoic philosophy. His allegorical exegesis was important for several Christian Church Fathers , but he has barely any reception history within Rabbinic Judaism . He believed that literal interpretations of the Hebrew Bible would stifle humanity's perception of a God too complex and marvelous to be understood in literal human terms.

Some scholars hold that his concept of the Logos as God's creative principle influenced early Christology . Other scholars deny direct influence but say that Philo and Early Christianity borrow from a common source. [1]

Philo Judaeus , also called Philo of Alexandria , (born 15–10 bce , Alexandria—died 45–50 ce , Alexandria), Greek-speaking Jewish philosopher, the most important representative of Hellenistic Judaism . His writings provide the clearest view of this development of Judaism in the Diaspora . As the first to attempt to synthesize revealed faith and philosophic reason, he occupies a unique position in the history of philosophy . He is also regarded by Christians as a forerunner of Christian theology .

Philo was born between 15 and 10 bce . The community of Alexandria, to judge from the language of the Jewish papyri and inscriptions, had for nearly three centuries been almost exclusively Greek-speaking and indeed regarded the Septuagint (the 3rd-century- bce translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek) as divinely inspired. During the century and a half before Philo’s birth, Alexandria had been the home of a number of Jewish writers whose works exist now only in fragments. These men were often influenced by the Greek culture in which they lived and wrote apologies for Judaism.

Like the cultured Greeks of his day, Philo often attended the theatre, though it had distinctly religious connotations , and he noted the different effects of the same music on various members of the audience and the enthusiasm of the audience for a tragedy of Euripides . He was a keen observer of boxing contests and attended chariot races as well. He also mentions the frequency with which he attended costly suppers with their lavish entertainment.

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Philo Judaeus , also called Philo of Alexandria , (born 15–10 bce , Alexandria—died 45–50 ce , Alexandria), Greek-speaking Jewish philosopher, the most important representative of Hellenistic Judaism . His writings provide the clearest view of this development of Judaism in the Diaspora . As the first to attempt to synthesize revealed faith and philosophic reason, he occupies a unique position in the history of philosophy . He is also regarded by Christians as a forerunner of Christian theology .

Philo was born between 15 and 10 bce . The community of Alexandria, to judge from the language of the Jewish papyri and inscriptions, had for nearly three centuries been almost exclusively Greek-speaking and indeed regarded the Septuagint (the 3rd-century- bce translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek) as divinely inspired. During the century and a half before Philo’s birth, Alexandria had been the home of a number of Jewish writers whose works exist now only in fragments. These men were often influenced by the Greek culture in which they lived and wrote apologies for Judaism.

Like the cultured Greeks of his day, Philo often attended the theatre, though it had distinctly religious connotations , and he noted the different effects of the same music on various members of the audience and the enthusiasm of the audience for a tragedy of Euripides . He was a keen observer of boxing contests and attended chariot races as well. He also mentions the frequency with which he attended costly suppers with their lavish entertainment.


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